How Bad Oral Hygiene Can Lead to Oral Cancer?

How Bad Oral Hygiene Can Lead to Oral Cancer?
March 19, 2024

Bacteria in the mouth are quite natural. However, numerous health issues have been associated with dangerous germs. In this blog by Dental Expert Clinic, we discuss the importance of maintaining proper dental hygiene.

How could neglecting your dental hygiene lead to some serious diseases?

Research has connected abnormal bacterial communities in the mouth to a variety of serious health issues, including cancer, heart disease, hypertension, liver disease, kidney failure, and cancer.

A person’s digestive system and the rest of their body can be accessed through the oral cavity. A wide variety of microbial colonies live in the mouth, just like in the digestive system. After the gut, it is home to the greatest concentration of microbes in the human body.

There are almost 700 different kinds of microbes that call the mouth home. Thanks to advancements in technology, such as 16S rRNA analysis, people can now learn more about their family trees and genetic composition.

The teeth, gums, tongue, palate, and saliva are all habitats for these microorganisms. They tend to stay the same throughout our lives, but dangerous germs can take over if the bacterial community’s delicate balance is upset. Gingivitis, periodontitis, and bleeding gums are some of the dental illnesses that can result from this.

Also Read: Tooth Stains: Everything You Need to Know About Them

How do oral health issues contribute to the development of other diseases?

Changes in the oral cavity’s pH (acidity or alkalinity), temperature, and oxygen levels can lead to abnormal growth of typically harmless bacterial groups. They pose a health risk when they establish dominance.

Pain, inflammation, and the gradual onset of periodontitis, bleeding gums, and tooth decay result from this disturbance in the oral biota. Inflammatory molecules known as cytokines can enter the bloodstream as gum disease damages the gums and begins to erode the bone.

These substances stimulate the immune system, which in turn can lead to obesity, atherosclerosis (the hardening of the arteries), type II diabetes, and other conditions. In addition to infecting the gums, the bacteria can spread to other parts of the body through the tissues there and release toxins.

In a similar vein, the large intestine is home to over a thousand different kinds of bacteria that are essential for digestion, absorption, immunity, and protection from pathogens and pollutants.

A diversified and healthy gut biota is essential for human survival. When this delicate balance of bacteria is upset and not put back in place, gastrointestinal problems can arise.

A variety of disorders, including obesity, cardiovascular disease, autoimmune diseases, and even Alzheimer’s, have been associated with an aberrant gut biome, according to recent studies.

How Do Bacteria Reside in Our Body?

Microbes, the microscopic creatures that live in and on us and play an essential role in human health, are the starting point. There are 39 trillion bacteria in the human body, and they are present in almost every part of it. This vast number surpasses the estimated 30 trillion cells in the human body. A person’s digestive tract, skin, lungs, eyes, scalp, vaginal and seminal fluids, and mouth can all be home to these microbes.

There are a wide variety of creatures that call each of these ecosystems home due to the unique conditions that exist there. Together with the surrounding tissue, they exist in harmony. Illness can develop as a consequence of a break in this connection.

The majority of these microorganisms enter our systems during birth, passed down from our moms. Babies are born into a unique ecosystem known as the human microbiome, which is composed of bacteria and other microbes that inhabit them as they transition from the sterile womb to the outer world.

Our meals, lifestyle choices, interactions with other animals, and the environment all contribute to the rich diversity of microbes that we encounter as humans as we mature and travel the globe. In order to lower the probability of getting sick, it is critical to maintain this equilibrium.

Also Read: Invisalign: The Clear Alternative to Braces

How can individuals stay safe from these dangers?

The three pillars of good dental hygiene—frequent dental checkups, consistent brushing to remove plaque, and a diet low in carbs and sugar—are the bedrocks of a healthy mouth.

It is suggested that we incorporate antioxidant-rich foods like fresh fruit and vegetables into our diet to help maintain a healthy oral flora.

Additionally, dentists advise against using antimicrobial mouthwashes since they upset the delicate microbiome balance. When used excessively, it might cause disruptions and even encourage the growth of pathogenic microorganisms.

Disputes in the oral biota balance have also been associated with insufficient physical activity and high levels of stress. Therefore, it is advised to follow a balanced diet, get enough sleep, and practice proper oral hygiene.

Entering the body is as simple as opening your mouth. In order to lessen the likelihood of illness, it is crucial to maintain microbial balance.

To maintain a healthy body, you need a healthy mouth. Schedule your visit today at Dental Expert Clinic, the best dental clinic in Malad West, Mumbai for your full oral check-up.

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